Kochi aka Cochin is a dominant port city on the south-west coast of India by the Laccadive Sea. It is situated in the district of Ernakulam in the state of Kerala. The city is classified as a Tier-II city by the government of India.
The Kochi city is also nicknamed as the “Queen of Arabian Sea”. Since from the 14th century onward, it was a major spice trading centre on the west coast of India. The city has been ranked sixth best tourist destinations in India. Kochi is home to the Indian Coast Guard with attached air squadron, named as Air Squadron 747.
According to the survey conducted by the government in 2011, the city had a metropolitan area population of 2,117,990 and the population density of the city is much higher with 6340 people per km2 ranking it second highest in Kerala. The city is a female dominant city having female to male ratio 1028:1000, very much higher than the overall India average of 933:1000. The literacy rate here also is much higher which is 97.5%. The various important religions here are Hinduism, Christianity and Islam. The majority of the people here are Hindus which comprises of 47% of the total population followed by Christians 35%. Therefore, making the Kochi city one of the largest Christians population city.
The air passage to Kochi is the Cochin International Airport (CIAL) which is situated at Nedumbassery, which is about 28 km from the city. The Cochin International Airport is one of the busiest airports in the country and the first fully functional solar-powered airport in the world. The airport also provides direct flight connectivity to popular international destinations.
Kochi is nicely connected to neighbouring states and cities via several highways. The major national highways serving the city are National Highway 66, National Highway 544, National Highway 966A and National Highway 966B. The privately owned bus networks are a primary form of public transportation within the city. Taxis and auto rickshaws are also available for transportation. Besides that under the JNNURM city transport development project, Kochi is amongst those cities to get the air-conditioned low floor and non-air-conditioned semi low-floor buses.
The city is also well-served with railway mode of transportation also. The city consists of two important railway stations which are Ernakulam Junction and Ernakulam town. Southern Railway Zone of Indian Railways operates rail transport system in Kochi.
To ease the problem of traffic in the city the city is supported by a metro connectivity system with 11 operational metro stations. The Kochi Metro is a rapid metro system which was inaugurated on 17 June 2017 by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
The city is supported by Water transport connectivity. It operates passenger ships to Colombo and Lakshadweep.
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