Hyderabad aka The city of Pearls is the capital of southern India’s Telangana state. A major centre for the technology industry, it’s home to many upscale restaurants and shops. Its historic sites include Golconda Fort, a former diamond-trading centre that was once the Qutb Shahi dynastic capital. The Charminar, a 16th-century mosque whose 4 arches support towering minarets, is an old city landmark near the long-standing Laad Bazaar.
Hyderabad is spread over an area of 650 km2 (250 sq mi) and situated on Deccan Plateau in northwest Andhra Pradesh. It has an average elevation of about 536 metres (1,607 ft) above sea level. Most of the area has a gently sloping terrain and some areas are hilly. The original city of Hyderabad was established on the banks of Musi River, now known as the historic Old City, home to the Charminar and Mecca Masjid laying on the southern bank of the river. The extended New City on the north of the river has many government buildings and landmarks. Both parts of the city are connected with many bridges across the river, of which Purana pul (“old bridge”), built during the 1593 AD is the oldest. The Musi River originates from Anantagiri Hills, which is 70 km (43 mi) southwest of Hyderabad. Osman Sagar and Himayat Sagar are dams built over the Musi river.
Hyderabad also was known as the City of Nizams says that Muhammad Quli Qutb Shah fell in love with and married a local nautch girl known as Bhagmathi or Bhagyavathi, Later when Bhagmathi adopted the title of Hyder Begum, Qutb Shah renamed the city as Hyderabad.Another theory says Hyderabad was named in honour of the fourth caliph, Ali Ibn Abi Talib, who was also known as Hyder.
Hyderabad is based on traditional manufacturing, the knowledge sector, and tourism. Starting in the 1990s, the economic pattern of the city changed from a primary service hub to a more diversified economy,] but the service industry remains a major contributor. As of 2006, the largest employers of Hyderabad are the governments of Andhra Pradesh and India, with 113,000 and 85,000 employees, respectively. The economy of Hyderabad’s metropolitan area is estimated to be the 6th largest with an of $75.2 billion. Inorbit Mall in the city Since its inception in 1591, Hyderabad has been a global trade centre in multiple areas, including its status as the world’s only diamond market. City-based handicrafts were sold in the Middle East and Western countries. During Nizam’s rule in the 1930s, industrial growth started with the establishment of a diversified industrial zone, which grew in parallel with traditional manufacturing. In the 1930s and 1940s, city-based industries started importing technology from the western world for industrial manufacturing. With the introduction of the railways, the city became well connected with the port cities of Bombay Madras Calcutta and Karachi.
Hyderabad is located in the south-central part of India. There are several modes of transportation available in the city. It is very well integrated and has modern transportation facilities. Though due to its presence in inland, on the Deccan Plateau waterways through the sea is not possible.
The highway network linking Hyderabad to various parts of the country is very good As a growing city, regular multiple development projects, around the city had made traffic congestion a common issue. However, as in most in Indian cities, due to an increase in the population and the number of vehicles sold in last decade and the lack of perceptible lane discipline, chaotic traffic snarls occur throughout the day making driving in the city a stressful experience for vehicle owners. A series of flyovers have been developed at various important junctions across the city to decrease the traffic congestion.
Nationally, Hyderabad is considered among the important railway cities. The South Central Railway is headquartered at Secunderabad.A new railway station is proposed to be built near HITEC City at Madhapur. Also, the Moula-Ali station is expected to be improved to a world-class station in near future. These two stations along with Begumpet and Kachiguda are expected to considerable decrease the traffic at Secunderabad and Nampally (Hyderabad Deccan) stations.
The airport is connected to the city by three major roads The 11.6-kilometre (7.2 mi) Hyderabad Elevated Expressway provides dedicated high-speed travel to the airport. As of 2011, it is the longest expressway in India.The Nehru Outer Ring Road serves as a controlled-access expressway between Gachibowli and Shamshabad. Metered taxis and buses are available as transports to the airport.
Hyderabad is well connected with direct flights to all major destinations in India, as well as to various locations in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, Europe and North America. Currently, Hyderabad has flights connecting either directly or intermediate stops to foreign cities like Frankfurt, Singapore, Dubai, Bangkok, Kuala Lumpur, Dammam, Chicago (O’Hare), London (Heathrow), Doha, Jeddah, Muscat, Riyadh, Kuwait.
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